amazing ….!! successful heart transplant performed

humans are destined to never be satisfied, and always strive to continue to grow,in fact the evidence is now the world of medicine has been successfullymealkukan heart transplantation between humans.
This is logically impossible, but the ability of humans and technology can argue with that.
The following explanation ……….

Pioneering work of Alexis Carrel at the beginning of the 20th century has brought out the idea of ​​heart transplants from nature and mythology into reality; with Morel, he developed vascular suture techniques in France.In 1904, he moved to the University of Chicago and a year later with Charles Guthrie perform the first heart transplant on a dog that survived only for 2 hours

For this grand work, Carrel received the Nobel Prize in medicine in 1912.

In 1933, Frank C. Mann developed the research to study the physiology and immunology of cardiac transplantation.

It was he who first described the pathological changes of organ rejection reaction and to link it to biological incompatibility between donor and recipient.

Various other experimental studies continue to evolve to improve cardiac transplantation.

In 1951 Demikhov from Russia pioneered heart-lung transplantation in dogs.Incorporation of trans-heart-lung plantasi aims to simplify the surgical technique.

Another important study came from the Lower and Shumway, who in 1960 reported a heart transplant using surgical techniques combined with simple protection efforts organs in dogs, 5 of 8 dogs transplanted heart back to normal life, but because they do not get immunosuppressive drugs, animal -the animal later died. It is estimated that the cause of his death is organ rejection reaction.

Clinical phase of heart transplantation began in 1964. James Hardy was planning a heart transplant from a young man who died of irreversible brain damage to a man with chronic heart failure aged 68 years. The patient suddenly becomes unstable, but because the donor is still ‘live’ (in the sense of not stopping the heart-lung function, according to the definition of the concept of death at that time), heart transplantation can not be realized out. Hardy was forced to transplant a chimpanzee heart.

Although this transplant is technically very satisfactory, the chimpanzee heart was too small so it is not able to take over the functions of the human circulation that causes the patient died a few moments later.

Christian Barnard was suddenly shocked the world when on December 3, 1967 managed to do a heart transplant between humans first Groote Schuur Hospital in Cape Town, South Africa.

Louis Washkansky, 54-year-old man with end-stage heart failure to obtain the donor heart from a 24-year-old young woman who was diagnosed with severe brain damage due to traffic accidents. Unfortunately, the recipient is only able to survive for 18 days and died of pneumonia.

This success was soon followed by other cardiac transplant centers in various parts of the world. Although the initial results are less satisfactory, with good growing donor and recipient selection criteria, handling of infections, the discovery endomiokard biopsy technique to detect acute rejection reaction and immunosuppressive drug discovery, life expectancy has reached about 80% in the first year and 70 % in year five.

Currently in more than 66,000 heart transplants and 3047 heart-lung transplants have been performed successfully in more than 220 cardiac centers worldwide.

Heart transplant program at the Heart & Diabetes Center Northrhine Westphalia Bad Oeynhausen begins on March 13, 1989, and in the same year a total of 39 cardiac trans-plantasi been done. One year later, a number of 129 patients with chronic heart failure-tion successfully transplanted.

This figure exceeds the total number of heart transplants in Germany at that time.In subsequent years, the number of transplants increased to 148, in the sense of almost 3 times per week of heart transplants and the number has hit a record nationwide. Currently, heart transplant programs in Bad Oeynhausen, including one of the busiest heart transplant centers in the world


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