The following explanation:
Often when the body’s pain signals such as nasal congestion, cough, or sore throat, we immediately look for the super drugs, antibiotics.
Antibiotics are very effective at killing bacteria (for a remedy suited to the type of bacteria). However, 90 percent of respiratory infections, such as flu, is caused by a virus. Disease virus is a self-limiting disease in 5-7 days.
“Most of the upper respiratory tract infections caused by viruses, only a few are caused by bacteria. In fact, only 2 percent of bacteria caused the sinus infection and need antibiotics,” said Lauri Hicks, medical director of the Center for Disease Control and Prevention.
Many of the losses faced due to excessive or irrational use of antibiotics. Foremost is the increased resistance to killing bacteria and germs are good and useful in the body. The place originally occupied by good bacteria bad bacteria will be filled or the so-called superbugs that are not killed because the bacteria will mutate into a resistant germs.
Most bacterial infections do require antibiotics. Unfortunately somewhat difficult to distinguish viral infections with bacterial infection based solely on symptoms alone. In general this is the fifth indication when we need antibiotics.
If you have a fever, shaking, and chills, likely you are infected with bacteria. However, these symptoms are also often caused by the flu virus. Therefore, according to Dr. Frank Esper, an infectious disease of children, when around your neighborhood are many who are infected with the flu, doctors will not prescribe antibiotics.
2. The duration of illness
Viral infection that lasts too long can develop into serious and attracts bacteria, such as sinus infections. Indications of antibiotics is if coughs and colds are sustained for more than 10-14 days and occurs throughout the day (not just at night and mornings only).
3. The color of green slime
Secretion of respiratory tract viral infections should be watery and clear. If the nose is green liquid and viscous, it is a sign of bacterial infection. Often, however, change the color of sputum and mucus becomes thick and kehijaun is a clinical course of viral respiratory infection. That’s why, these symptoms are not the primary indication of antibiotics.
4. Sore throat
Although the throat is red and painful swallowing, your doctor will look for signs of white spots as evidence of the bacteria before prescribing antibiotics. Most flu symptoms started with a sore throat, sore throat but that is not accompanied by other flu symptoms could be signs of bacterial infection.
5. Lab tests
Bringing sputum sample or nasal secretions to the laboratory is an effective way to determine the presence or absence of bacteria. However, bacterial culture takes at least two days and of course cost. Therefore, doctors usually do not ask for this test, unless you are suspected of being infected with typhus.
may be useful ….
Healthy regards …..^^