types of diseases

uterus cancer

Cervical cancer and cervical cancer are the two deadly diseases, so much feared by women, especially those aged 35 years and over. But because it was almost the same, many are confused about whether they are affected by cervical cancer or uterine cancer. In fact, by knowing the details of the differences between them, we can recognize it early if there are symptoms that arise as well as checks to the doctor to be sure. Well, the following explanation of the difference between the two types of cancer are fatal.

Previously, we need to know first about the term uterus.

The uterus is another name for the womb where it consists of several parts, namely the cervix, uterine body, and two fallopian tubes. Cervical cancer is cancer found in the cervix. That’s why he also called cervical cancer. While cervical cancer itself, or also called uterine cancer, occurs in the body of the uterus.

Early symptoms in the form of uterine cancer is usually excessive bleeding during menstruation or bleeding outside of menstruation. While cervical cancer there are no early symptoms. Symptoms appear when the cancer has just entered the next stage, such as vaginal discharge that smells or appears bleeding during intercourse. That’s why advised to undergo regular Pap smear every year because it can detect the early presence of cervical cancer, especially for women who have committed marital relationsh

Herpes Zoster

Shingles is sometimes also called shingles or chicken snake. Shingles is a disease caused by varicella-zoster virus, the virus that also causes chickenpox. Herper zoster tends to strike older people and people with immunosuppressive diseases (weak immune system) such as AIDS, leukemia, lupus, and lymphoma.

Transmission of Herpes Zoster And Symptoms

Herpes zoster is transmitted between humans through direct contact, one of which is the transmission through breathing so that the virus could become epidemic among the vulnerable host. Once a person has chickenpox, the varicella-zoster virus will persist in a dormant condition (not active or latent) in one or more ganglia (nerve centers) posterior. If someone has decreased cellular immunity then the virus can become active again and spread via peripheral nerves to the skin, causing herpes zoster. In skin, the virus will multiply (multiplication) and form a small pimple, red, fluid-filled, and bulging in the area around the skin through which the virus.

At the beginning of virus infection, herpes zoster patients will suffer pain as burning and the skin becomes sensitive for a few days to a week. The cause of the acute pain is difficult to detect when a rash (red bumps on the skin) has not yet appeared. Began to emerge from the shingles rash blisters (blisters) on the basis of small red skin with blisters others continue to emerge in 3-5 days. The affected area is usually sensitive to various stimuli (including a very light touch) and can be very painful.

Herpes zoster virus may never cause symptoms or be re-active again a few years later. Shingles occurs when the virus is active again. Sometimes this virus back pengaktivan occurs when there is interference with the immune system due to an illness (such as AIDS or Hodgkin’s disease) or drugs that affect the immune system. Usually, the cause of reactivation of this virus is unknown.

Treatment and Prevention

Treatment of herpes zoster consists of three main things namely the treatment of acute viral infection, treatment of acute pain associated with the disease, and prevention of post herpetic neuralgia.

To prevent herper zoster, one way that can be taken is vaccination. The vaccine works to enhance the specific response of cytotoxic lymphocytes against the virus in seropositive elderly patients

Spine Cancer

Cancer of the spine are very rare. Cases of cancer of the spine that is most common is a metastasis, a cancer originating from other parts of the body and spread to the spine. When cancer spreads, or originating in this area, usually affects one or more parts of the spine. If a person develops cancer of the spine, either primary or secondary, it will show different symptoms of the disease.

Primary bone cancer in the spine are rare. Cancer in the spine can cause destruction of healthy cells of the bone of the patient. Cancer tumors not only damage the bones of the spine but also damage the spinal cord sufferers. Symptoms of bone cancer in the spine include pain, fractures and numbness or weakness.

Pain

The most common sign of bone cancer in the spine is pain in the neck or back. The pain will continue and be accompanied by other symptoms. This pain can be just in the back, they can also spread to other limbs. Its development depends only on the location of abnormal growths. If cancer is causing a small amount of inflammation and irritation, the pain usually remains behind. If the cancer is pressing the nerve, the pain is diffuse out into the “branches” are linked. No matter the source of pain, cancer of the spine cause chronic discomfort.

Weakness

If the cancer place enough pressure on the nerves, a person will suffer from weakness. This is largely due to the interference with the impulses from the spinal column. If the cancer causes inflammation of the cord, the brain is no longer able to communicate well with legs. As a result, patients may find it difficult to walk, carry, reach for something, or holding.

Sensitivity is reduced

Cancer of the spine can affect the sensation of touch. Because the spinal cord is the nerve center, inflammation or pressure in this area can result in reduction of sensation. Object may no longer feel hot or cold to the touch. Similar to the inability of the brain to communicate with the limb, the limb becomes fully communicate with the brain.

Incontinence

Cancer of the spine can also cause incontinence. These symptoms are very similar to the weakness, because the pressure on certain nerves in the spinal cord responsible for controlling the performance of bladder and bowel. If the impulse is interrupted, could cause one to lose control of their bladder, bowel, or both.

Paralysis

Along with the development of cancer of the spine, a person may suffer from paralysis. Depending on the severity of cancer, paralysis can be isolated to one limb. The size and location of growth determines the amount of paralysis, because the cancer can get to the point where the nerves seemed to break or lesion has been formed on the nerves themselves.

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